Since the end of the Second World War, the ethnic Albanians living in Kosovo had grown until reach 90 per cent of the population in the eighties, due to the high birth rate of the Albanians and the flight of Serbian families towards the north, harassed by the Albanian Kosovo independence guerrilla of the UÇK.

After the end of the war, the security and stability of the area was entrusted to KFOR. Despite this, acts of revenge were carried out by Albanians against the Serbian community, causing the outflows of  people affected towards the north of the Ibar river in the Kosovo province of Metohia and towards Serbia. Other groups of Serbs formed enclaves in some areas of the country.

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